FP7 Cooperation themes in Horizon 2020
The new EU framework programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 will go beyond FP7 in scope and ambition. However, FP7 is already tackling many of the challenges that H2020 will, and the themes it focuses on will be integrated into the Horizon 2020 programmes.
Compared with FP7, the Horizon 2020’s approach will emphasize funding for projects that solve specified challenges (or particular aspects of them), as opposed to prescribing the specific research topics that must be addressed. In many cases, it will mean multidisciplinary, multi-actor actions that bring together different competences across Europe and beyond. Despite this change in approach, the societal challenges and key enabling technologies identified for Horizon 2020 will provide a measure of continuity with the ten FP7 themes in the Cooperation programme.
Pillar ‘societal challenges ’
This Pillar will be a top-down, policy oriented pillar. It will probably address large, cooperative projects following the FP7 cooperation programme themes.
Pillar ‘industrial leadership and competitive frameworks’
This Pillar addresses "innovation goals" and will contain funding opportunities for industry and small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to facilitate the transition from research into marketable products and services. The sections of the current CIP which are directly relevant to research and innovation activities will be integrated into the Horizon 2020 and placed within this pillar.
This pillar will also include new financial mechanisms to support innovation activities and the competitiveness of industry such as (pre-commercial) public procurement, instruments to facilitate access to venture capital and an enhanced window for SME within the Risk Sharing Financing Facility (RSFF).
Concerning the FP7 cooperation programme themes, such as health, ICT and Greentech will be included in 2 Horizon 2020 pillars of societal challenges and industrial leadership. Going into details “health theme” will be covered by new activities such as democratic changes and wellbeing challenge within the societal challenges pillar. The ICT sector will be covered by the industrial leadership pillar thanks to activities such as “leadership in enabling and industrial technologies: ICT” and the societal challenges pillar will provide new activities such as “applications within relevant challenges”. Energy and Environment (including climate change and CIP eco-innovation action) will be covered by the societal challenges pillar providing activities such as “secure, clean and efficient energy challenge” and “climate action, resource efficiency including raw materials challenge”.
In addition, other elements of the current themes (space, security and nanotechnologies) will cut across several of Horizon 2020 challenges and will be also supported through the Industrial leadership and Societal challenges pillars activities
A 3rd pillar, “Excellence in Science” is expected to raise the level of excellence in Europe's science base and ensure a steady stream of world-class research to secure Europe's long-term competitiveness. It will support the best ideas, develop talent within Europe, provide researchers with access to priority research infrastructure, and make Europe an attractive location for the world's best researchers.